10 Symptoms of interstitial nephritis You Should Never Ignore

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10 Symptoms of interstitial nephritis You Should Never Ignore

Interstitial nephritis is a condition that involves inflammation of the spaces between the kidney tubules, where urine is produced. It can be acute or chronic and can be caused by various factors such as infections, medications, and autoimmune diseases. Identifying the symptoms of interstitial nephritis is crucial for early detection and treatment of the condition.

In this article, we will discuss the common symptoms of interstitial nephritis and how to recognize them. It’s important to note that the symptoms may vary from person to person, and some individuals may experience a combination of these symptoms.

1. Fatigue

One of the most common symptoms of interstitial nephritis is fatigue. Patients may feel unusually tired and have low energy levels, even after getting enough rest. The inflammation and damage to the kidney tubules can lead to decreased kidney function, which in turn can cause fatigue and weakness.

It’s important to pay attention to persistent fatigue and consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation, especially if it is accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea or changes in urine output.

2. Decreased urine output

Individuals with interstitial nephritis may experience a decrease in urine output. This can be a result of decreased kidney function and impaired urine production. The kidneys may not be able to filter and eliminate waste and excess fluids from the body effectively, leading to reduced urine output.

If you notice a significant decrease in urine output or changes in urination patterns, it is important to seek medical attention to rule out potential kidney-related issues such as interstitial nephritis.

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3. Swelling

Swelling, also known as edema, can be a symptom of interstitial nephritis. The accumulation of fluids in the body, often in the legs, ankles, or face, can be a sign of kidney dysfunction. The inflammation of the kidney tubules can lead to fluid retention and swelling in various parts of the body.

If you experience unexplained swelling, especially when accompanied by other symptoms such as fatigue or changes in urine output, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for a thorough evaluation.

4. Nausea and vomiting

Nausea and vomiting can also be symptoms of interstitial nephritis. The inflammation and damage to the kidney tubules can affect the body’s ability to regulate electrolytes and waste products, leading to nausea and vomiting. These symptoms can be especially concerning if they are persistent and accompanied by other kidney-related symptoms.

If you experience recurrent nausea and vomiting, especially in conjunction with other symptoms such as fatigue or swelling, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

5. Back or side pain

Patients with interstitial nephritis may experience back or side pain, where the kidneys are located. The inflammation and swelling of the kidney tubules can cause discomfort and pain in the affected area. This pain may be persistent or intermittent and can vary in intensity.

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If you experience unexplained back or side pain, especially in combination with other symptoms such as fatigue or changes in urine output, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and management.

6. Blood in urine

Blood in the urine, also known as hematuria, can be a concerning symptom of interstitial nephritis. The inflammation and damage to the kidney tubules can lead to the presence of blood in the urine. This can present as pink, red, or brownish discoloration of the urine.

If you notice blood in your urine, it is important to seek medical attention promptly for a thorough evaluation and appropriate management. Hematuria can be a sign of various underlying conditions, including interstitial nephritis.

7. High blood pressure

Patients with interstitial nephritis may develop high blood pressure as a result of kidney dysfunction. The kidneys play a crucial role in regulating blood pressure by balancing fluid and electrolyte levels in the body. When the kidneys are affected by inflammation and damage, it can lead to hypertension.

It is important to monitor blood pressure regularly and seek medical attention if you experience high blood pressure, especially in combination with other symptoms suggestive of kidney issues.

8. Fever

Fever can be a symptom of acute interstitial nephritis, especially if it is caused by an infection. The body’s immune response to the inflammation and infection in the kidneys can lead to fever. Patients may experience an elevated body temperature, chills, and other flu-like symptoms.

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If you develop a fever, especially in conjunction with other symptoms such as back pain or changes in urine output, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation and appropriate treatment.

9. Weight loss

Unexplained weight loss can be a symptom of chronic interstitial nephritis. The inflammation and damage to the kidney tubules can affect the body’s ability to process nutrients and waste products effectively, leading to weight loss. Patients may experience unintentional weight loss despite maintaining their usual diet and activity level.

If you notice significant and unexplained weight loss, it is important to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate management, especially if it is accompanied by other kidney-related symptoms.

10. Anemia

Anemia, a condition characterized by a low red blood cell count or hemoglobin levels, can be a symptom of interstitial nephritis. The inflammation and damage to the kidney tubules can affect the production of erythropoietin, a hormone responsible for stimulating red blood cell production in the bone marrow.

If you experience symptoms of anemia such as fatigue, weakness, and pale skin, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for a comprehensive evaluation, including kidney function tests.