10 Symptoms of minimal change disease You Should Never Ignore

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10 Symptoms of minimal change disease You Should Never Ignore

Minimal change disease is a condition that affects the kidneys and is characterized by the loss of protein in the urine. It is also known as lipoid nephrosis or nil disease. This condition is more common in children, but can also affect adults. It is important to be aware of the symptoms of minimal change disease so that it can be diagnosed and treated early.

1. Swelling

One of the most common symptoms of minimal change disease is swelling, also known as edema. This swelling is usually most noticeable in the legs, ankles, and around the eyes. The swelling occurs due to the loss of protein in the urine, which leads to a decrease in the amount of protein in the blood. This causes fluid to accumulate in the body, leading to edema.

If you notice unexplained swelling, especially in the lower body, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation.

2. Fatigue

Fatigue is another common symptom of minimal change disease. The loss of protein in the urine can lead to low levels of protein in the blood, causing a lack of energy and general feelings of tiredness. This fatigue can be debilitating and can impact daily activities and quality of life.

If you are experiencing unexplained fatigue, it is important to speak with a doctor to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

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3. Foamy Urine

Another symptom of minimal change disease is the presence of foamy urine. This occurs due to the increased amount of protein in the urine, which creates a foamy appearance. If you notice foamy urine, especially in combination with other symptoms such as swelling and fatigue, it is important to seek medical attention.

Your doctor may recommend a urine test to measure the amount of protein present in your urine and determine the underlying cause of foamy urine.

4. Loss of Appetite

Many individuals with minimal change disease experience a loss of appetite. This can be due to the general feelings of fatigue and may also be related to the impact of the condition on the kidneys. The loss of appetite can lead to weight loss and can further contribute to feelings of fatigue and weakness.

If you are experiencing a significant loss of appetite, it is important to discuss this symptom with your healthcare provider to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate management.

5. High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can be a symptom of minimal change disease. The loss of protein in the urine can lead to an increase in blood pressure. It is important to monitor blood pressure regularly, especially if you have been diagnosed with minimal change disease, and work with your healthcare provider to manage blood pressure levels.

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Untreated high blood pressure can lead to further kidney damage and increase the risk of cardiovascular complications, so it is important to address this symptom promptly.

6. Skin Pallor

Individuals with minimal change disease may also experience skin pallor, which refers to a paleness of the skin. This can be due to the decreased levels of red blood cells in the body, known as anemia, which can occur as a result of the condition. If you notice a significant pallor in your skin, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and management.

Your doctor may recommend blood tests to measure your red blood cell levels and determine the appropriate treatment for anemia.

7. Increased Thirst and Urination

Some individuals with minimal change disease may experience an increase in thirst and urination. This can occur as a result of the impact of the condition on the kidneys, leading to changes in fluid balance and urine production. If you notice a significant increase in thirst and urination, it is important to discuss these symptoms with your doctor for further evaluation.

Your healthcare provider may recommend urine and blood tests to assess kidney function and determine the underlying cause of these symptoms.

8. Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain can be a symptom of minimal change disease, especially if the condition has led to complications such as kidney inflammation. The abdominal pain may be localized to the area around the kidneys and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as fever and nausea. It is important to seek medical attention if you are experiencing unexplained abdominal pain.

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Your doctor may recommend imaging tests such as ultrasounds or CT scans to evaluate the kidneys and determine the cause of abdominal pain.

9. Frequent Infections

Individuals with minimal change disease may be more susceptible to infections, especially urinary tract infections (UTIs). This is due to the impact of the condition on the immune system and the kidneys, which can lead to an increased risk of infection. If you are experiencing frequent or recurring infections, it is important to discuss this with your healthcare provider for appropriate management.

Your doctor may recommend urine tests and other diagnostic tests to assess kidney function and immune system health and determine the appropriate treatment for infections.

10. Foam in urine

Some patients with minimal change disease may notice foamy urine, which can be a result of the excess protein in the urine. If you see persistent foam in your urine, it can be an indication of minimal change disease and you should seek medical attention.

Your doctor may recommend a urine test to measure the amount of protein in your urine and determine the underlying cause of the foam.