10 Symptoms of hematuria You Should Never Ignore

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10 Symptoms of hematuria You Should Never Ignore

Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. It can be caused by a variety of conditions, ranging from urinary tract infections to kidney stones to more serious issues such as kidney disease or cancer. Anyone experiencing symptoms of hematuria should seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.

In this article, we will discuss the symptoms of hematuria, as well as potential causes and treatment options. It’s important to note that hematuria can be either gross (visible blood in the urine) or microscopic (blood that is only visible under a microscope). Both types require medical evaluation to determine the cause and appropriate course of action.

Visible Blood in the Urine

Gross hematuria refers to the presence of visible blood in the urine. This can range from a pink or red tinge to the urine, to the presence of actual blood clots. Some potential causes of visible blood in the urine include:

1. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common cause of gross hematuria. In addition to blood in the urine, symptoms of a UTI may include a frequent need to urinate, pain or burning during urination, and strong-smelling urine.

2. Kidney stones can cause sharp pain in the back or side, as well as blood in the urine. The presence of kidney stones may also be accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

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Microscopic Hematuria

Microscopic hematuria refers to the presence of blood in the urine that is only visible under a microscope. This type of hematuria may not present with any visible changes to the urine, but it can still indicate an underlying health issue. Some potential causes of microscopic hematuria include:

1. Kidney disease can cause blood to leak into the urine. In addition to hematuria, symptoms of kidney disease may include high blood pressure, swelling in the legs and feet, and fatigue.

2. Bladder or kidney cancer may also cause microscopic hematuria. Additional symptoms of bladder or kidney cancer can include unexplained weight loss, back pain, and changes in urinary habits.

Pain or Discomfort

Some individuals with hematuria may experience pain or discomfort in the abdominal or pelvic area. This can be a sign of an underlying condition such as:

1. Interstitial cystitis, which is a chronic condition causing bladder pain and a frequent need to urinate. In addition to hematuria, symptoms of interstitial cystitis may include pelvic pain and discomfort during sexual intercourse.

2. Prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate gland. In addition to hematuria, symptoms of prostatitis may include pain or burning during urination, difficulty urinating, and pain in the groin or lower back.

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Additional Symptoms

In addition to the presence of blood in the urine, individuals with hematuria may experience a range of additional symptoms depending on the underlying cause. Some potential additional symptoms of hematuria include:

1. Fever, chills, and fatigue, which can indicate an infection such as a UTI or kidney infection.

2. Swelling in the feet, legs, or ankles, which can be a sign of kidney disease or heart failure.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Anyone experiencing symptoms of hematuria, such as visible blood in the urine, pain or discomfort in the abdominal or pelvic area, or additional symptoms such as fever or swelling, should seek medical attention promptly. A healthcare professional can evaluate the symptoms, perform diagnostic tests, and determine the underlying cause of the hematuria. Early detection and treatment are crucial for addressing any potential health issues.

Conclusion

Hematuria can be a concerning symptom, but it’s important to remember that it can be caused by a variety of conditions, ranging from relatively minor to more serious health issues. Seeking medical attention for symptoms of hematuria is crucial for receiving an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. With prompt medical care, individuals can address the underlying cause of their hematuria and work towards improved health and well-being.

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