10 Symptoms of Ebola virus disease nephropathy You Should Never Ignore

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10 Symptoms of Ebola virus disease nephropathy You Should Never Ignore

The Ebola virus disease (EVD) is a severe, often fatal illness that first appeared in 1976. As the name suggests, EVD is caused by the Ebola virus. Nephropathy, on the other hand, refers to any disease or damage to the kidneys. While EVD is primarily known for its severe bleeding and organ failure, it can also affect the kidneys, leading to potential nephropathy.

In this article, we will discuss the symptoms of Ebola virus disease nephropathy, and the importance of early detection and treatment. Understanding these symptoms can help healthcare professionals and individuals recognize the signs of kidney involvement in EVD and take appropriate actions.

1. Fever

Fever is one of the most common symptoms of Ebola virus disease nephropathy. Individuals with EVD may experience a sudden onset of high fever, typically greater than 38.6°C (101.5°F). This fever can be persistent and may not respond to conventional antipyretic medications. In the presence of fever, it is important to monitor kidney function, as prolonged fever can put strain on the kidneys and lead to nephropathy.

2. Fatigue

Fatigue is another common symptom of Ebola virus disease nephropathy. Patients with EVD may experience extreme tiredness and a lack of energy, even with adequate rest. This fatigue can be attributed to the body’s immune response to the virus, as well as the impact of kidney involvement on overall energy levels.

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3. Dehydration

Dehydration is a significant concern in EVD, especially when the virus affects the kidneys. Nephropathy can impair the kidneys’ ability to concentrate urine and regulate fluid balance, leading to increased urine output and potential dehydration. Individuals with EVD should be closely monitored for signs of dehydration, such as dark urine, dry mouth, and decreased urine output.

4. Nausea and Vomiting

Nausea and vomiting are common symptoms of Ebola virus disease nephropathy. Kidney involvement in EVD can lead to the accumulation of waste products and toxins in the body, contributing to gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting. These symptoms can further exacerbate dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, impacting kidney function.

5. Abdominal Pain

Abdominal pain may occur in individuals with Ebola virus disease nephropathy. This pain can be localized to the flank area, where the kidneys are situated, and can range from mild discomfort to severe, sharp pain. Abdominal pain may be indicative of kidney involvement and should prompt further assessment and monitoring of kidney function.

6. Fluid Retention

Fluid retention, also known as edema, can develop in patients with Ebola virus disease nephropathy. The kidneys play a vital role in regulating fluid balance and removing excess fluid from the body. When the kidneys are affected by EVD, fluid can accumulate in the tissues, leading to swelling in the extremities and around the eyes.

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7. Changes in Urinary Patterns

Changes in urinary patterns are indicative of kidney involvement in EVD. Individuals may experience increased or decreased urine output, changes in the color and odor of urine, and difficulty in urination. These changes can signal underlying nephropathy and should be closely monitored by healthcare providers.

8. Hypertension

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, is a common complication of Ebola virus disease nephropathy. Kidney involvement can lead to the dysregulation of blood pressure, resulting in hypertension. Individuals with EVD should have their blood pressure monitored regularly to detect and manage hypertension promptly.

9. Electrolyte Imbalance

Electrolyte imbalance is a significant concern in individuals with Ebola virus disease nephropathy. The kidneys play a vital role in maintaining the balance of electrolytes, such as sodium, potassium, and calcium, in the body. When the kidneys are affected, electrolyte imbalances can occur, leading to symptoms such as muscle cramps, weakness, and cardiac arrhythmias.

10. Altered Mental Status

Altered mental status, such as confusion and disorientation, can occur in individuals with Ebola virus disease nephropathy. Kidney involvement in EVD can lead to the build-up of toxins in the bloodstream, impacting brain function and causing neurological symptoms. Healthcare providers should be vigilant in monitoring mental status in patients with EVD.

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